According to Politicsezine, Spain is located in southwestern Europe and is bordered by France and Andorra to the north, the Bay of Biscay to the northwest, Portugal to the west, and Gibraltar to the south. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the east and south of Spain. Morocco borders Spain’s African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. Portugal is one of Spain’s closest neighbors, located just across the border in southwestern Europe. The border between Portugal and Spain is marked by rivers like Guadiana, which flows through both countries, as well as mountain ranges such as Sistema Central. France borders Spain along its northern regions, with a combination of mountain ranges like Pyrenees Mountains marking their shared border. Andorra is a small nation located between France and Spain in the Pyrenees Mountains. It has been an independent country since 1278 with its own government and currency but it still uses the euro as its official currency. To the south of mainland Spain lies Gibraltar, a British overseas territory that has been a source of dispute between Britain and Spain for centuries. It was ceded to Britain in 1713 under the Treaty of Utrecht but remains part of Spanish territory according to Spanish law. Finally, two small Spanish enclaves on Africa’s northern coast are Ceuta and Melilla which are bordered by Morocco with both countries having conflicting claims over them.
Government of Spain
According to programingplease.com, the Government of Spain is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, wherein the monarch is the head of state while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The Spanish government is composed of three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch consists of the King, who holds nominal power and acts as a symbol of unity for all Spaniards; the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers; and other ministerial offices. The legislative branch consists of the Congress of Deputies, which is elected by popular vote every four years, and is responsible for passing laws. The judicial branch includes a Supreme Court as well as other courts in each region that are responsible for interpreting laws.
The government also has several autonomous regions which have their own governments that pass regional laws in addition to those passed by the national government. These regional governments have their own parliaments, presidents and ministers with powers to pass regional laws on matters such as healthcare, education or taxation. It is also important to note that despite being a unitary state there are differences in how certain policies are implemented depending on which region you are in.
In addition to this there are also two autonomous cities within Spain; Ceuta and Melilla which enjoy special status with their own local governments and parliaments. This reflects Spain’s commitment to respecting cultural differences amongst its citizens while still maintaining its national unity under a single government structure.
Recent Heads of Government of Spain
Mariano Rajoy Brey has been the Prime Minister of Spain since December 2011. He is a member of the People’s Party and is known for his conservative views. Rajoy has been heavily involved in the negotiations surrounding Brexit and was instrumental in helping to broker an agreement between the UK and European Union. Prior to becoming Prime Minister, Rajoy served as Minister of Public Administration from 1996 to 1999 under Jose Maria Aznar’s government. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister from 2003 to 2004, before taking over as leader of the People’s Party in 2004. As Prime Minister, Rajoy has focused on reducing Spain’s budget deficit through austerity measures and economic reforms. He has also worked towards improving Spain’s relations with other European nations, particularly those in the Eurozone. His government has also sought to improve Spain’s infrastructure and stimulate economic growth by encouraging investment in renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. Despite some criticism, Rajoy remains popular among Spaniards who credit him with helping bring stability back to their country after years of financial turmoil.
Major Political Parties in Spain
The two major political parties in Spain are the Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party (PSOE) and the People’s Party (PP). The PSOE is a center-left party that was founded in 1879 and is currently led by Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez. This party has traditionally been associated with social democratic policies, such as increased spending on healthcare, education, and infrastructure. On the other hand, the PP is a center-right party that was founded in 1989 and is currently led by Pablo Casado. This party has traditionally been associated with policies of fiscal conservatism, including lower taxes and reduced government spending. In recent years, both parties have adopted more centrist positions on various issues, such as immigration and climate change.
In addition to these two major parties, there are several smaller regional parties that have significant influence in certain parts of Spain. For example, the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) plays an important role in Basque politics while Ciudadanos has become increasingly powerful in Catalonia. There are also several left-wing parties such as Podemos which has gained support among young voters in recent years. In all cases, these smaller parties often form alliances with either the PSOE or PP to form governing coalitions at different levels of government throughout Spain.