South Africa Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

According to, South Africa is a country located in the southernmost part of Africa. It is bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and Lesotho. The country covers an area of 1,219,090 square kilometers and has a population of over 57 million people. South Africa is known for its diverse geography which includes coastal plains, grasslands and semi-desert regions. In the east lies the Drakensberg mountain range which has some of the highest peaks in the country. The country also has some great rivers such as the Limpopo, Orange and Tugela Rivers.

South Africa also boasts an array of wildlife such as elephants, rhinos, buffaloes and lions. There are numerous national parks such as Kruger National Park where tourists can go on safari to see these animals in their natural habitat. South Africa is also home to many cultures including Zulu, Xhosa and Afrikaans which are all widely spoken throughout the country. There are many attractions for tourists to enjoy such as Table Mountain in Cape Town with its cable car ride to the top providing stunning views of the city below. The Garden Route also offers beautiful scenery with its lush forests and rugged coastline making it a popular tourist destination. Finally there is Durban which has some stunning beaches along with its world-famous beachfront promenade where visitors can enjoy great food and entertainment options.


South Africa is home to some of the most dramatic mountain ranges in the world. The Drakensberg Mountains, also known as uKhahlamba in Zulu, are a range of mountains along the eastern edge of South Africa. They stretch from the Eastern Cape Province in the south to Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces in the north. With its highest peak at 3,482 meters, it is one of the highest mountain ranges on the African continent. The Drakensberg Mountains are a popular destination for hikers and nature lovers alike because of its stunning scenery, diverse wildlife and numerous hiking trails. The mountain range is also home to many San rock art sites depicting ancient African cultures and spiritual beliefs.

The Cape Fold Belt is another major mountain range located along South Africa’s Western Cape province. It stretches from Port Elizabeth to East London and consists of a series of folded mountains that were formed millions of years ago due to tectonic plate movements. This range is known for its unique geological features such as Table Mountain and Lion’s Head which dominate its skyline. It also hosts a wide variety of flora and fauna that can be seen while hiking through this breathtaking landscape. In addition, there are numerous opportunities for rock climbing, abseiling, caving and other adventure activities in this region due to its rugged terrain and spectacular views.


The Orange River is the longest river in South Africa and runs along the border of South Africa and Namibia. It is 1,836 miles long and its source is located in Lesotho. The Orange River is an important source of water for irrigation and other uses, as well as a source of hydroelectric power. Other major rivers in South Africa include the Vaal River, which runs through central South Africa, and the Limpopo River, which flows from Botswana into South Africa and then into Mozambique. The Tugela River is another major river in South Africa; its source is located in Lesotho and it flows into the Indian Ocean near Durban. The Olifants River flows from Limpopo Province to Mozambique, while the Crocodile River forms part of the border between Mpumalanga Province and Mozambique. The Buffalo River forms part of the border between KwaZulu-Natal Province and Mozambique. Finally, the Great Fish River runs through Eastern Cape Province before emptying into the Indian Ocean at Port Alfred.

These rivers are critical components to many ecosystems throughout Southern Africa; they provide habitat for fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles alike. Moreover, they are integral to local communities who rely on them for drinking water as well as fishing activities that support their livelihoods. In addition to providing fresh water resources to local communities throughout southern Africa, these rivers also serve a crucial role in agricultural production by providing irrigation systems with much needed water during dry seasons or periods of drought. Furthermore, these rivers can be used to generate hydroelectric power which helps to provide electricity for thousands of homes each year across southern African countries.


South Africa is home to several major lakes, each with their own unique characteristics and beauty. The largest lake in South Africa is Lake Chad, which is located in the Limpopo Province. This lake is the fourth largest lake on the African continent and covers an impressive 11,000 square kilometers. Lake Chad is also known for its abundant birdlife and wildlife, making it a popular destination for tourists. Another popular lake in South Africa is Lake Kariba. This massive lake was created by the construction of Kariba Dam on the Zambezi River and covers an impressive 5,580 square kilometers. It’s a popular destination for both fishing and game viewing as it’s home to an abundance of fish species as well as wildlife including hippos, crocodiles and antelope. The third largest lake in South Africa is Lake St Lucia, located within the iSimangaliso Wetland Park in KwaZulu-Natal Province. This famous wetland park includes a variety of habitats from swamps to woodlands that are home to numerous species of birds and animals, making it a popular tourist destination for nature lovers. Finally, there’s Olifantsnek Dam located near Sun City in North West Province. This dam was built on the Crocodile River and provides water for nearby farms as well as recreational activities such as fishing and boating.

South Africa Mountains