Geography of Aroostook County, Maine

Aroostook County, located in the northernmost part of Maine, is characterized by its vast wilderness, rugged terrain, and rich cultural heritage. Covering an area of approximately 6,829 square miles, Aroostook is the largest county in Maine and one of the largest in the United States. From its dense forests and rolling hills to its pristine lakes and meandering rivers, Aroostook County offers a diverse array of landscapes and outdoor recreational opportunities. See topschoolsintheusa for information about Brunswick, Maine.


Aroostook County is situated in the northern part of Maine, bordering the Canadian province of New Brunswick to the east and Quebec to the north. It is often referred to as “The County” by locals and is known for its remote wilderness, vast expanses of forest, and small rural communities. The county seat is Houlton, while other major towns include Presque Isle, Caribou, and Fort Kent.

The terrain in Aroostook County is characterized by rolling hills, dense forests, and fertile valleys, with the Aroostook River Valley running through the center of the county. The northern part of the county is more rugged, with higher elevations and rocky terrain, while the southern part is flatter and more agricultural.


Aroostook County experiences a continental climate, with cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers. Average high temperatures in the summer months typically range from the upper 70s to low 80s Fahrenheit, while winter highs average in the 20s and 30s.

The county receives a significant amount of snowfall each year, particularly in the winter months, when snowstorms originating from the Great Lakes and Canada bring heavy snowfall to the region. The long winter season and abundant snowfall make Aroostook County a popular destination for winter sports enthusiasts, including skiing, snowmobiling, and ice fishing.

Rivers and Waterways:

Aroostook County is home to several rivers and waterways, which provide habitat for fish and wildlife and support a variety of recreational activities. The Aroostook River, the county’s namesake, is the largest river in the region and flows from north to south through the center of the county. The river is popular for fishing, particularly for trout and salmon, and offers opportunities for canoeing, kayaking, and tubing.

In addition to the Aroostook River, the county is also home to several other rivers and streams, including the St. John River, the Fish River, and the Meduxnekeag River. These waterways meander through the county’s forests and valleys, providing scenic beauty and opportunities for outdoor exploration.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

Aroostook County is dotted with numerous lakes and reservoirs, which offer opportunities for fishing, boating, swimming, and other water sports. Some of the largest lakes in the county include Eagle Lake, Long Lake, and Square Lake, all of which are popular destinations for outdoor recreation.

In addition to natural lakes, Aroostook County is home to several reservoirs and impoundments, including the Ashland Mill Pond and the Masardis Reservoir. These water bodies provide habitat for fish and wildlife and offer scenic beauty amidst the county’s rugged landscapes.

Parks and Natural Areas:

Aroostook County is home to several parks and natural areas, which offer opportunities for outdoor recreation and relaxation. The Aroostook State Park, located near Presque Isle, features wooded trails, picnic areas, and a campground overlooking Echo Lake. The park is popular for hiking, fishing, and wildlife viewing, particularly for moose and deer.

In addition to Aroostook State Park, the county is also home to several wildlife management areas, including the Deboullie Public Reserved Land and the St. John River Corridor. These areas provide habitat for a variety of plant and animal species and offer opportunities for hunting, fishing, and birdwatching in a pristine natural setting.

Agriculture and Farmland:

Agriculture is an important industry in Aroostook County, with fertile soils and a short growing season that support a variety of crops and livestock. The county’s agricultural economy is based primarily on potatoes, with Aroostook County being one of the largest potato-producing regions in the United States. In addition to potatoes, farmers in the county also grow grains, hay, and vegetables, and raise livestock such as cattle, sheep, and poultry.

The county’s agricultural heritage is celebrated each year with events such as the Northern Maine Fair, held annually in Presque Isle, which showcases livestock exhibits, agricultural displays, and family-friendly activities.

Cultural Heritage:

Aroostook County has a rich cultural heritage, shaped by its diverse population and close ties to the land. The county is home to several Native American tribes, including the Maliseet and Micmac, who have inhabited the region for thousands of years. Their cultural traditions and customs are celebrated through events such as powwows and traditional ceremonies.

In addition to Native American culture, Aroostook County is also known for its strong French Canadian heritage, particularly in towns such as Madawaska and Fort Kent, where many residents trace their ancestry back to Quebec. The region’s French influence is evident in its cuisine, language, and festivals, including the Acadian Festival, held annually in Madawaska, which celebrates Acadian culture and heritage.


In conclusion, Aroostook County, Maine, offers a diverse array of landscapes, outdoor recreational opportunities, and cultural experiences. From its dense forests and meandering rivers to its fertile farmland and vibrant communities, the county provides a unique blend of natural beauty and rural charm. Whether exploring a state park, fishing on a lake, or learning about the area’s cultural heritage, there is something for everyone to discover in Aroostook County.