Geography of Androscoggin County, Maine

Androscoggin County, located in the southwestern part of the state of Maine, offers a diverse geography, including rivers, lakes, forests, and urban areas. Covering an area of approximately 497 square miles, Androscoggin County boasts a unique blend of geographical features, climate patterns, rivers, lakes, and cultural heritage. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Androscoggin County, Maine.


According to itypemba, Androscoggin County is situated in the southwestern corner of Maine, bordered by Franklin County to the northwest, Kennebec County to the northeast, Sagadahoc County to the east, and Cumberland County to the southeast. The landscape is diverse, ranging from urban areas to rural countryside, with forests, rivers, and lakes scattered throughout the region. The county seat, Auburn, is located in the heart of the county, while the city of Lewiston is the largest urban center.


The climate of Androscoggin County is classified as humid continental, with four distinct seasons and moderate precipitation throughout the year.

  • Summer (June – August): Summers in Androscoggin County are typically warm and humid, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit (around 24-28 degrees Celsius). However, temperatures can occasionally reach the 90s Fahrenheit (around 32-37 degrees Celsius) during heatwaves.
  • Fall (September – November): Autumn brings cooler temperatures and colorful foliage to Androscoggin County. Average highs range from the mid-50s to the low 60s Fahrenheit (around 13-16 degrees Celsius), making it an ideal time for leaf-peeping and outdoor activities.
  • Winter (December – February): Winters in Androscoggin County are cold and snowy, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-teens to the low 30s Fahrenheit (around -9 to 0 degrees Celsius). Snowfall is common, particularly in the northern part of the county, where lake-effect snow from the Great Lakes can occur.
  • Spring (March – May): Springtime in Androscoggin County is characterized by gradually warming temperatures and increasing rainfall. Average highs range from the mid-40s to the low 60s Fahrenheit (around 7-16 degrees Celsius), with blooming flowers and trees signaling the arrival of the growing season.

Rivers and Lakes:

Androscoggin County is traversed by several rivers, streams, and lakes, which play a vital role in the region’s ecosystem, water supply, and recreational activities.

  • Androscoggin River: The Androscoggin River flows through the center of Androscoggin County, originating in New Hampshire and flowing southward to join the Kennebec River near the town of Richmond. It provides habitat for diverse fish and wildlife species and supports recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and kayaking.
  • Other Waterways: While not as prominent as the Androscoggin River, Androscoggin County is home to several smaller rivers and streams, including the Little Androscoggin River, the Sabattus River, and the Dead River.
  • Lakes: Androscoggin County contains numerous lakes and ponds, including Lake Auburn, Sabattus Pond, and Androscoggin Lake, which provide opportunities for fishing, boating, and water sports.

Natural Resources:

Androscoggin County is rich in natural resources, including forests, wetlands, and waterways, which support diverse ecosystems and contribute to the region’s economy and quality of life.

  • Forests: The county contains extensive forests, primarily consisting of hardwood trees such as maple, oak, and birch. These forests provide habitat for wildlife, recreational opportunities such as hiking and hunting, and economic benefits through timber harvesting.
  • Wetlands: Androscoggin County contains several wetlands and marshes, which provide habitat for migratory birds, amphibians, and other wildlife. These wetlands also play a crucial role in filtering pollutants and maintaining water quality in the region’s rivers and lakes.
  • Waterways: The rivers, streams, and lakes of Androscoggin County support a variety of recreational activities, including fishing, boating, kayaking, and canoeing. They also serve as important transportation routes for commerce and industry.

Cultural Significance:

Androscoggin County has a rich cultural heritage shaped by its history of settlement, immigration, and diverse communities.

  • Industrial History: The cities of Lewiston and Auburn have a rich industrial history, with a legacy of textile mills, shoe factories, and other manufacturing industries. The Bates Mill Complex in Lewiston and the Great Falls Historic District in Auburn are reminders of the county’s industrial past.
  • French-Canadian Heritage: Many residents of Androscoggin County trace their ancestry back to French-Canadian immigrants who settled in the area during the 19th and early 20th centuries. French language and culture continue to influence the region, with events such as the Franco-American Festival celebrating the county’s French heritage.
  • Arts and Entertainment: The county’s towns and cities offer a variety of cultural amenities, including theaters, galleries, and music venues. The Franco-American Heritage Center, the Lewiston Public Library, and the Auburn Community Concert Band showcase the county’s artistic legacy and cultural contributions.


Androscoggin County, Maine, is a region of diverse geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and cultural significance. From its urban centers and industrial heritage to its rural countryside and natural beauty, the county offers a wealth of opportunities for outdoor recreation, cultural exploration, and community engagement. Whether exploring the Androscoggin River, attending a festival in Lewiston or Auburn, or learning about the region’s history and heritage, Androscoggin County invites visitors to discover the beauty and charm of this dynamic region in the heart of Maine.