Denmark Geography

Denmark – key data

Area: 43,094 km² (of which land: 42,434 km², water: 660 km²)

Population: 5.5 million people (2011 estimate, CIA). The population is made up of Scandinavians, Inuit, Faroe,Germans, Turks, Iranians and Somali together.

Population density: 128 people per km²

Population growth: 0.251% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: Copenhagen (509,861 residents, 2008, Hovedstadsområdet 1.1 million,region Hovedstaden 1.6 million)

Highest point: Yding Skovhoej, 173 m

Lowest point: Lammefjord, -7 m

Form of government: Denmarkhas been a parliamentary monarchy since 1953, the constitution dates from the same year. The Danish unicameral parliament (Folketing) consists of 179 members (2 each from the Faroe Islands and from Greenland). Parliamentary elections take place every 4 years. On April 18, 1951, Denmark was one of the founding members of the European Coal and Steel Community, which formed the core of what would later become the European Union (EU).

Administrative division: 5 regions: Hovedstaden, Midtjylland, Nordjylland, Sjaelland and Syddanmark

Head of State: Queen Margrethe II, since January 14, 1972

Head of Government: Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidd, since October 3, 2011

Language: the official language in Denmark is Danish. However, German, English and French are also widely used.

R eligion: Lutheran 95%, other Christian (including Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%, 2% Muslims

Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October there is summer time in Denmark (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe in both winter and summer 0 h.

International phone code: +45


Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz

The Kingdom of Denmark lies like a “bridge” between Scandinavia and Central Europe. The country borders on the North Sea in the west, the Skagerrak in the northwest, the Kattegat in the northeast, the Baltic Sea in the east and is bordered by Germany in the south. The Faroe Islands and Greenland also belong to the Danish national territory.

The Danish landscape was particularly distinguished by the last two Ice ages and consists of a flat western part, while the east of the country is predominantly hilly.

Denmark is a lowland, the highest point of which is Yding Skovbjerg (a mountain!) At 173 meters above sea level, hardly worth mentioning by European standards. The moraine deposits of the ice glaciers created a gently undulating hilly landscape with many lakes created. During the last ice age around 10,000 years ago, the northernmost and easternmost parts of Denmark were covered by inland ice, the edge of which runs from Viborg to Bovbjerg in the west and to Tinglev in the south.

The moraine area in the south and west is the oldest landscape in Denmark. The uniform ground moraine levels are interrupted by valleys that were formed by meltwater streams and overgrown with heather. These fertile valleys were reclaimed in the 19th century and are now among the most productive agricultural areas in Denmark.

Even today the course of the inland ice forms a natural border between the sandy West Jutland and the hills in the east and north, which are covered with good clay soil; it is also recognizable as a cultural-geographical dividing line, since in the west there are more isolated farms, while the east is populated with small and larger village communities that have always used the forest in all its components and thus made it an integral part of agriculture. As a result, however, almost half of Jutland’s forests were cut down by the middle of the 18th century until the state intervened fifty years later and prohibited further clearing and grazing. But had the soil erosion already spread to a large extent and the violent spring and autumn storms lost valuable topsoil, which was combated with the creation of plantations with fast-growing conifers and heather bushes.

You will look in vain for large rivers and torrential rivers in Denmark, as the country’s watercourses are rather small. The largest river, the Gudena, has its source in Jutland and flows into the Randers Fjord after 158 kilometers on the Baltic coast. Visit cellphoneexplorer for Denmark Literature.

The constant threat of dune migration could almost be brought to a standstill in Denmark. Only in North Jutland at Rajiberg Mile and Rubjerg Knude do the last shifting dunes move about five to fifteen meters to the east each year.

The Danish coast is very diverse with its 7,500 kilometers in length and ranges from rocky coasts in Bornholm, cliff coasts on Mon to flat coasts on the other islands. The typical fjords are mainly found on the coast of East Jutland. Many port cities developed under the protection of these sea-flooded glacier channels, as the open coastal regions are either too rocky, too shallow or too heavily silted up.

Denmark climate

The Danish climate is very changeable and shaped by rapid weather changes. It is influenced by the Atlantic Gulf Stream, cool polar air and continental warm air, so that the weather can be described as mild and humid on average.

Best travel time for Denmark

The end of June, July and August is the high season in Denmark, when most of the open-air concerts take place (including in Roskilde). In addition, museums and other sights have longer opening times during this period. The downside is that many others traveler are on the way, especially around midsummer. At the end of August the Danish school holidays is over, at this time it is still summer in Denmark, but the sights and beaches are less crowded.

May and early June can also be recommended for visiting Denmark. The country is colored green, the fields are covered with yellow rapeseed flowers, it is generally warm and there are not too many tourists in Denmark yet.

Although autumn can also be pleasant, it is nowhere near as beautiful, the rural landscape is mostly brown in color. The cold winter with long nights is not particularly suitable for travel. Many sights close between October and April.

Denmark Geography